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Join free to meet other over 70 singles now. Links to key information about welfare in each Canadian jurisdiction. Several road projects will be completed within the next few years, as part of the Provincial Government's Gateway Program. With photo u get faster respond and I will get back to u with photo as well. The Vancouver Police Department's operational divisions include a bicycle squad , a marine squad , and a dog squad.
All the links below lead to obituaries, death or funeral notices, mostly from newspapers, but all are free, although some sites may require you .
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Select a link below for more information on eligibility and benefit levels for each program. Immigrate If you want to immigrate to Canada, there are a few different ways to apply. You will need to decide which immigration program will work best for you and your family.
Visit Every year, more than five million people visit Canada. Depending on where you live, and the reason for your visit, you will need to meet certain entry requirements. In some cases, if you plan to stay in Canada for a certain period of time, you will need a Temporary Resident Visa.
Work temporarily Every year, over 90, foreign workers enter Canada to work temporarily in jobs that help Canadian employers address skill shortages, or as live-in caregivers. A work permit is needed for most temporary jobs in Canada, though for some positions and business people it is not necessary. Study More than , students come to study in Canada every year and even more come to Canada to learn English or French.
Refugees Refugees and people needing protection are people in or outside Canada who fear returning to their home country. Groups and individuals can sponsor refugees from abroad who qualify to come to Canada.
Canada International Government of Canada. Provincial-territorial authorities provided input into the process and feedback on the final report. The second resource below "Federal Support" is a Finance Canada link to actual spending on social assistance programs of last resort among other major transfers. All reports include program descriptions and data on the number of social assistance cases and recipients dating, in most jurisdictions, from to The summaries will be updated annually.
The Council was deemed to be a valuable resource for both government officials responsible for the administration of Canada's social programs sharing best practices, comparing welfare dependency across provinces, keeping governments' feet to the fire, etc.
Welfare historians are grateful for Caledon's commitment to the continuation of qualitative and quantitative information about Canada's social assistance system. IMHO, the responsibility for chronicling changes in welfare dependency and benefit levels over time and across provinces and territories should more appropriately reside within a federal government information group or a non-govt'l independent body without political leanings or affiliations something like the role of the Canadian Institute for Health Information [ http: You're welcome to pore through the Finance Canada bumph on federal contributions under the CST and other transfers, but please don't call on me for clarification of technical details in the matter of bysantine federal transfers to provinces and territories.
Government transfer payments to persons On this one table, you'll find the latest five years' worth of information on national expenditures provincial stats available for a small fee in the area of transfers to persons, which includes among other programs: In case you're interested in province-level stats, click the "" link under 'Source' at the bottom of the table.
The "Find information related to this table" link which is also at the bottom of the StatCan table contains methodological notes and other related StatCan products, many of which are free of charge. Social Security Statistics, Canada and Provinces, to http: Historical Statistics of Canada contains links to over 1, statistical tables downloadable in Excel format on the social, economic and institutional conditions of Canada from the start of the Confederation in to the mids.
Go to the home page and browse the table of contents of this excellent historical resource. Tables are arranged in sections with an introduction explaining the content of each section, the principal sources of data for each table, and general explanatory notes regarding the statistics. For a complete list of topics covered, see the Alphabetical Index - everything's there from Accidents and Fatalities to Zinc Production.
This report does not include social assistance rates as this information is currently available to the public on most provincial and territorial government Web sites. Chapter Two of the report is a seven-page descriptive overview of social assistance in Canada in , comprising a very brief history of federal social assistance since and general information about how welfare works in Canadian provinces and territories including the treatment of federal child benefits under welfare programs, welfare eligibility conditions and administrative rules, etc.
This really isn't timely enough to help in the policy formulation process, nor is it timely enough to ensure accountability with respect to spending by federal, provincial and territorial governments on Canada's social assistance programs. The above links point to a copy of the report that was archived by the Internet Archive. So why are timely welfare statistics important? To tell, among other things, how many new welfare cases are "EI exhaustees" households whose Employment Insurance benefit period has expired and how many are there because they didn't qualify for EI in the first place.
Welfare reporting must be comprehensive AND reasonably current. Perhaps it's time to farm out the production of welfare statistics and related information to an objective, non-politicized third party As taxpayers, how can we tell whether that money is well spent if the latest national, public welfare dependency statistics are for March ?
PLUS a rant about the pitiful state of Canadian welfare statistics and why the Canadian Social Research Links Guy thinks the situation may get worse before it gets better. Some tidbits from the table that you'll find by clicking the above link: In March , there were 3,, people on welfare in Canada. By , that number had dropped to 1, , In March , there were 1, , people on welfare in Canada.
The percentage of the Canadian population on welfare in March was 5. By March , that proportion had decreased to 5. These statistics were collected by the National Council of Welfare and published in the Council's report on Welfare Incomes for after they were verified to be correct by each jurisdiction. September 12, NOTE: See Welfare stats are important!
Amounts paid out specifically for welfare under the Canada Assistance Plan CAP cannot be compared with those under the Canada Social Transfer CST because the latter is a block fund that also covers provincial-territorial post-secondary education expenditures and early learning and child care.
The federal block fund doesn't stipulate how much of the total amount must be allocated to each of those areas, so you'll occasionally find discrepancies between information on welfare expenditures for the same period produced by provincial-territorial governments and reports prepared by federal officials.
The proof's in the pudding: Ottawa must resort to "notional allocation of federal support among priority areas" another quote from the same source - notional meaning "our best educated guess based on the trends that we monitor" rather than relying on provincial government reports that often allocate amounts differently from the way that the feds do it.
And the game of numbers goes on. Related link from Finance Canada: It is a followup to a previous report, Outcome of those Leaving Assistance , which found that over 80 percent of employable clients who left assistance had employment income.
Specific findings of the report: Province refused to release report on welfare leavers By Andrew MacLeod April 24, The British Columbia government has suppressed a report on what happens to people who leave the province's welfare system, but now is promising to release it today. The province has insisted that the rapidly declining welfare caseload has been the result of more people finding employment.
Other research, including a landmark study PDF - K, 8 pages by Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives researchers, and past Tyee coverage , suggests tightening eligibility rules in played a large role in the decline. The above article was posted in the morning on April and the Ministry posted its report below at 2pm the timestamp on the PDF file.
The Tyee will quite likely have a followup article early in the coming week; check the Tyee home page for updates. Trends in incidence, entry and exit rates August by R. Finnie "This paper explores the dynamics of Social Assistance use over this period  to calculate annual incidence and entry and exit rates at both the national and provincial level, broken down by family type.
These breakdowns, available for the first time ever, are revealing as policy varied by province and family type and not all provinces shared equally in the recession or the expansion that followed it. The paper does not attempt to apportion the movements in SA participation rates between those related to the economy and changes in the administration of welfare. The focus is on the empirical record of SA entry, exit, and annual participation rates. November 17, Social Assistance by Province, Feature Article in the November issue of The Canadian Economic Observer "Social assistance rates fell in every province between and , but nowhere was the decline more dramatic than in Alberta and Ontario, according to a new report.
However, for about one out of every three individuals, family income declined significantly, according to a first-ever national study of the economic outcome for people who left welfare rolls. The Daily [ Statistics Canada ]. The Economic Well Being of Welfare Leavers in Canada during the s" by Marc Frenette and Garnett Picot provides some fascinating contrasts with Coell's characterization of the 90s and with what are passing as welfare exit surveys in his ministry.
Historical welfare program information and statistics. Over the years, the Council has produced many reports on poverty and welfare, but there are three that stand out in my mind as milestone reports on the history of welfare in Canada, at least since the s.
The report focuses on the provincial and territorial reforms that preceded the repeal of the Canada Assistance Plan and those that followed the implementation of the Canada Health and Social Transfer in April I did the research for, and wrote the provincial-territorial section of, this report while I was on a one-year secondment to the Council. Companion document to Another Look: There's a WEALTH of information on provincial-territorial welfare reforms in these pages that didn't make it to the final report!
The mandate of the Council is to advise the Minister regarding any matter relating to social development that the Minister may refer to the Council for its consideration or that the Council considers appropriate. October 6 The National Council of Welfare closed its doors and shut down its website at the end of September For more information, see http: Much of the information in this document is still as relevant today as it was back then - eligibility, benefits, administrative rules, and more.
Includes information about cost-sharing of welfare costs under the Canada Assistance Plan. Question-and-answer format for quick reference. This work was part of a larger study of social assistance in 24 countries released by the OECD early in If you want a snapshot of what welfare was like in Canada before the Canada Health and Social Transfer in , try this one Social Assistance in Canada, is the final submission of the Canadian federal government in the context of the OECD study appearing immediately below.
This report is a critical and comparative overview of how social assistance or welfare operated in the mids in 24 countries including Canada, with a special focus on Ontario. The chapter on Canada presents a factual snapshot of how welfare was working in Canada just before the federal cost-sharing under the Canada Assistance Plan CAP was replaced by a block fund, the Canada Health and Social Transfer, in April of The OECD study consisted of a two-stream approach: The questionnaires were different from one another - federal government officials were asked to provide factual responses to over 70 questions, while the academics' questionnaire focused more on an in-depth critique of those same programs.
Social Work Professor Patricia Evans was the Canadian expert informant, and I completed the submission on behalf of the Canadian government, with valuable input and feedback from a number of government colleagues. This is THE most comprehensive historical mids analysis you'll find of welfare in Canada, the United States and 22 other industrialized countries. Volume I is a synthesis of all country reports - I'd suggest skipping past that one and going directly to Volume II, where you'll find 40 pages of information about Canada and 20 pages about the U.
Note that the top link in this yellow box is to the submission of the Canadian federal government in the context of the study. Synthesis Report PDF - 2. Country Reports PDF - 4. Social Security Statistics, Canada and Provinces to http: This report offers 25 years of longitudinal data on costs and numbers of beneficiaries for most programs - over tables - covering a large number of programs here's a partial list: All links below are functional.
Click any link and you'll find the desired content on the website of Archive. Preface short blurb only http: List of Tables http: Tables in this report have been organized into two parts. Part I presents three Overview Tables which illustrate the trends in social security expenditures by all levels of government for Canada.
Part II comprises Component Tables which provide data on beneficiaries and expenditures for individual programs. Total Social Security Expenditures in Canada, to http: A number of older tables were removed from this edition of the Social Security Statistics report, including some tables with info on Blind Persons' Allowances, Disabled Persons' Allowances and Unemployed Assistance.
Check older editions of this report for those older stats: Scroll down the list of tables [ http: You'll find many key stats tables and some interesting analyses here - only a few of which appear below - includes links to over two dozen tables Tables with info on federal contributions under the Canada Assistance Plan CAP and the Canada Health and Social Transfer CHST to the cost of provincial and territorial welfare programs.
No new claims were paid out under CAP after the Canada Health and Social Transfer came into effect in April ; amounts shown as CAP expenditures for the fiscal years after are final settlements with each jurisdiction for all outstanding commitments by the federal government. These are the final, definitive numbers. When the feds imposed the cap on CAP max. Unless, of course, one wanders over into the minefield of provincial government welfare statistics, where welfare programs and related expenditures have undergone a major transformation.
Table Number of Beneficiaries including dependants of Provincial and Municipal Social Assistance, as of March 31, to http: Human Resources and Skills Development Canada http: January 27, Brickbats and Kudos: Each edition contains 25 years of stats on Canadian social programs, and each edition adds a few years' stats but it also drops the oldest stats.
For the most complete set of statistics - covering fiscal years to - researchers had to download both the oldest edition to and the most recent to In late , HRSDC did a cleanup of its website, which included deleting not one or two but all five editions of Social Security Statistics , along with a few other historical gems. Evidently, there was no historian among the group that decided to remove this report from the site. Kudos to the Government of Canada Web Archive! The Government of Canada Web Archive http: Client access to the content of the Government of Canada Web Archive is provided through searching by keyword, by department name, and by URL.
The archive currently contains over million digital objects and more than 7 terabytes of data. Library and Archives Canada http: The Government of Canada Web Archive is a handy tool to track down website content that's been deleted from the Internet, but only for federal government site content and only back to December It was relatively simple for me to find an old version of the HRSDC website and to drill down to the Social Policy reports, including five complete editions of Social Security Statistics covering the period from to Social Policy Reports this link is from the Govt.
It includes functional links to the full text of five editions of Social Security Statistics, Canada and Provinces and many other historical treasures that no longer appear on the HRSDC reports page. The website of the Depository Services Program was officially decommissioned on December 8, If you're searching for "older" pre-December deleted website content o r for any content that's not from a federal govt.
The Results page consists of a calendar where you can retrieve earlier versions of that page by clicking on any date that's in a blue circle. Historical Statistics of Canada 2nd edition, Jointly produced by the Social Science Federation of Canada and Statistics Canada Go to the home page and browse the table of contents of this excellent historical resource. It's worth downloading the free Excel Spreadsheet File Viewer from Microsoft if you don't have Excel software on your machine.
Social Security - by T. Russell Robinson, Health and Welfare Canada Contains seven pages of historical information on the evolution of Canadian social programs, plus links to over tables organized under the following headings: Unfortunately, the section on the Canada Assistance Plan provides stats only from to , but you'll find other historical gems here, like federal transfers to the provinces and territories, to , Unemployment insurance account, to , Old Age Pensions recipients for Canada and by province, March to , and much more Great collection of historical Canadian social program stats!
Welfare dependency in Canada peaked in March , when 3. From March to March , the number of welfare beneficiaries including children across Canada decreased from just over three million to 1,7 million. It depends on whether you're asking the Finance Department and Fraser Institute types, who interpret reductions in welfare caseloads and program costs as significant measures of success, or the social advocacy groups, who focus more on the human condition, income and wealth inequality and social justice I thought I'd share the following excerpt from one of the presentations at the August Queen's University poverty agenda conference.
It's a commentary on the relative success of American welfare reforms since Bill Clinton declared "the end of welfare as we know it" in the mids, but it reflects the view of many social advocates about the impact of welfare reforms in Canada since But the reduction of the rolls is a misleading indicator. Many potential recipients do not come onto the rolls even though they need assistance.
The punitive approach has made welfare harder to access and less appealing as well. Many recipients remain poor years after leaving the rolls. It's very frustrating trying to keep up with legislative links in each jurisdiction - they keep changing the legislation, and they keep changing the links to that legislation.
NGO links are either at the bottom of the government links for each jurisdiction or on a separate page depending on the number of links for each jurisdiction. Related pages on this site: The workers were arrested near Mission and interned in work camps for the duration of the Depression.
Other social movements, such as the first-wave feminist , moral reform, and temperance movements were also instrumental in Vancouver's development. Mary Ellen Smith , a Vancouver suffragist and prohibitionist , became the first woman elected to a provincial legislature in Canada in King was sent to investigate damages claims resulting from a riot when the Asiatic Exclusion League led a rampage through Chinatown and Japantown.
Two of the claimants were opium manufacturers, and after further investigation, King found that white women were reportedly frequenting opium dens as well as Chinese men. A federal law banning the manufacture, sale, and importation of opium for non-medicinal purposes was soon passed based on these revelations. These fears were exacerbated by the attack on Pearl Harbor leading to the eventual internment or deportation of all Japanese-Canadians living in the city and the province.
Amalgamation with Point Grey and South Vancouver gave the city its final boundaries not long before it became the third-largest metropolis in the country. As of 1 January , the population of the enlarged Vancouver was , Vancouver has one of the largest urban parks in North America, Stanley Park , which covers The vegetation in the Vancouver area was originally temperate rain forest , consisting of conifers with scattered pockets of maple and alder, and large areas of swampland even in upland areas, due to poor drainage.
The largest trees in Vancouver's old-growth forest were in the Gastown area, where the first logging occurred, and on the southern slopes of False Creek and English Bay, especially around Jericho Beach. The forest in Stanley Park was logged between the s and s, and evidence of old-fashioned logging techniques such as springboard notches can still be seen there. Many plants and trees growing throughout Vancouver and the Lower Mainland were imported from other parts of the continent and from points across the Pacific.
Examples include the monkey puzzle tree , the Japanese Maple , and various flowering exotics, such as magnolias , azaleas , and rhododendrons. Some species imported from harsher climates in Eastern Canada or Europe have grown to immense sizes. The native Douglas Maple can also attain a tremendous size. Many of the city's streets are lined with flowering varieties of Japanese cherry trees donated from the s onward by the government of Japan.
These flower for several weeks in early spring each year, an occasion celebrated by the Vancouver Cherry Blossom Festival. Other streets are lined with flowering chestnut, horse chestnut , and other decorative shade trees. Vancouver is one of Canada's warmest cities in the winter. While during summer months the inland temperatures are significantly higher, Vancouver has the coolest summer average high of all major Canadian metropolitan areas.
The summer months are typically dry, with an average of only one in five days during July and August receiving precipitation. In contrast, there is some precipitation during nearly half the days from November through March. Vancouver is also one of the wettest Canadian cities. However, precipitation varies throughout the metropolitan area. The highest temperature ever recorded at the airport was Average yearly snowfall is As of [update] , Vancouver is the most densely populated city in Canada.
Vancouver has been ranked one of the most livable cities in the world for more than a decade. Sales in February were Vancouver's characteristic approach to urban planning originated in the late s, when city planners began to encourage the building of high-rise residential towers in Vancouver's West End ,  subject to strict requirements for setbacks and open space to protect sight lines and preserve green space.
The success of these dense but liveable neighbourhoods led to the redevelopment of urban industrial sites, such as North False Creek and Coal Harbour, beginning in the mids. The result is a compact urban core that has gained international recognition for its "high amenity and 'livable' development".
The Vancouver Art Gallery is housed downtown in the neoclassical former courthouse built in The courthouse building was designed by Francis Rattenbury , who also designed the British Columbia Parliament Buildings and the Empress Hotel in Victoria, and the lavishly decorated second Hotel Vancouver. The Gothic-style Christ Church Cathedral , across from the hotel, opened in and was declared a heritage building in Two modern buildings that define the southern skyline away from the downtown area are City Hall and the Centennial Pavilion of Vancouver General Hospital , both designed by Townley and Matheson in and , respectively.
A collection of Edwardian buildings in the city's old downtown core were, in their day, the tallest commercial buildings in the British Empire. The Sun Tower's cupola was finally exceeded as the Empire's tallest commercial building by the elaborate Art Deco Marine Building in the s. The second-tallest building in Vancouver is the Trump International Hotel and Tower at metres feet , followed by the Private Residences at Hotel Georgia , at metres feet. Religion in Metro Vancouver .
The census recorded more than , people in the city, making it the eighth-largest among Canadian cities. Vancouver has been called a "city of neighbourhoods". Each neighbourhood in Vancouver has a distinct character and ethnic mix.
Germans are the next-largest European ethnic group in Vancouver and were a leading force in the city's society and economy until the rise of anti-German sentiment with the outbreak of World War I in The neighbourhood of Strathcona was the core of the city's Jewish community. Hogan's Alley , a small area adjacent to Chinatown, just off Main Street at Prior, was once home to a significant black community. Prior to the Hong Kong diaspora of the s, the largest non-British ethnic groups in the city were Irish and German , followed by Scandinavian , Italian , Ukrainian and Chinese.
From the mids until the s, many Portuguese immigrants came to Vancouver and the city had the third-largest Portuguese population in Canada in Vancouver also has a significant aboriginal community of about 11, people. Vancouver has a large LGBT community  focused on the West End neighbourhood lining a certain stretch of Davie Street, recently officially designated as Davie Village ,  though the gay community is omnipresent throughout West End and Yaletown areas.
Vancouver is host to one of the country's largest annual LGBT pride parades. With its location on the Pacific Rim and at the western terminus of Canada's transcontinental highway and rail routes, Vancouver is one of the nation's largest industrial centres. In recent years, Vancouver has become a centre for software development , biotechnology , aerospace , video game development , animation studios and television production and film industry. Vancouver's scenic location makes it a major tourist destination.
Each year over a million people pass through Vancouver on cruise ship vacations, often bound for Alaska. Vancouver is the most stressed city in the spectrum of affordability of housing in Canada. Since the s, development of high-rise condominia in the downtown peninsula has been financed, in part, by an inflow of capital from Hong Kong immigrants due to the former colony's handover to China. Concern was expressed that Vancouver's increasing homelessness problem would be exacerbated by the Olympics because owners of single room occupancy hotels, which house many of the city's lowest income residents, converted their properties to attract higher income residents and tourists.
Vancouver, unlike other British Columbia municipalities, is incorporated under the Vancouver Charter. Subsequently, North America's only legal safe injection site was opened for the significant number of intravenous heroin users in the city.
Vancouver is governed by the eleven-member Vancouver City Council , a nine-member School Board, and a seven-member Park Board , all of whom serve three-year terms. Unusually for a city of Vancouver's size, all municipal elections are on an at-large basis.
Historically, in all levels of government, the more affluent west side of Vancouver has voted along conservative or liberal lines while the eastern side of the city has voted along left-wing lines. Though polarized, a political consensus has emerged in Vancouver around a number of issues. Protection of urban parks, a focus on the development of rapid transit as opposed to a freeway system, a harm-reduction approach to illegal drug use, and a general concern about community-based development are examples of policies that have come to have broad support across the political spectrum in Vancouver.
Vision Vancouver candidate Gregor Robertson defeated Ladner by a considerable margin, nearing 20, votes. The balance of power was significantly shifted to Vision Vancouver, which held seven of the 10 spots for councillor. Vancouver's budget consists of a capital and an operating component. Budget increases are largely funded through increases in property taxes and community amenity contributions imposed in exchange for increases in allowable density as part of the construction permitting process.
Utility fees and other user fees have also been increased, but represent a comparatively small portion of Vancouver's overall budget. Vancouver is a member municipality of Metro Vancouver , a regional government. In total there are 22 municipalities, one electoral area and one treaty First Nation comprising Metro Vancouver,  the regional government whose seat is in Burnaby. While each member of Metro Vancouver has its own separate local governing body, Metro Vancouver oversees common services and planning functions within the area such as providing drinking water; operating sewage and solid waste handling; maintaining regional parks; overseeing air quality, greenhouse gases and ecological health; and providing a strategy for regional growth and land use.
In the most recent federal election , the Liberals retained two Vancouver Quadra and Vancouver Centre seats and gained another two, while the NDP held on to the two seats Vancouver East and Vancouver Kingsway , they held at dissolution while the Conservatives were shut out of the city. Currently, two Cabinet Minister hail from the city. The Vancouver Police Department's operational divisions include a bicycle squad , a marine squad , and a dog squad.
It also has a mounted squad , used primarily to patrol Stanley Park and occasionally the Downtown Eastside and West End, as well as for crowd control. Although it is illegal, Vancouver police generally do not arrest people for possessing small amounts of marijuana.
As of [update] , Vancouver had the seventh-highest crime rate , dropping 3 spots since , among Canada's 27 census metropolitan areas. Vancouver plays host to special events such as the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation conference, the Clinton-Yeltsin Summit, or the Symphony of Fire fireworks show that require significant policing. The Stanley Cup riot overwhelmed police and injured as many as people. Most of the base facilities were transferred to the City of Vancouver in and the area renamed "Jericho Park".
The Vancouver School Board enrolls more than , students in its elementary, secondary, and post-secondary institutions, making it the second-largest school district in the province. There are five public universities in the Greater Vancouver area, the largest being the University of British Columbia UBC and Simon Fraser University SFU , with a combined enrolment of more than 90, undergraduates , graduates, and professional students in SFU's main campus is in Burnaby.
Both also maintain campuses in Downtown Vancouver and Surrey. The other public universities in the metropolitan area around Vancouver are Capilano University in North Vancouver, Emily Carr University of Art and Design , and Kwantlen Polytechnic University whose four campuses are all outside the city proper.
Six private institutions also operate in the region: Vancouver Community College and Langara College are publicly funded college-level institutions in Vancouver, as is Douglas College with three campuses outside the city. These are augmented by private institutions and other colleges in the surrounding areas of Metro Vancouver that provide career, trade, and university-transfer programs, while the Vancouver Film School provides one-year programs in film production and video game design.
International students and English as a Second Language ESL students have been significant in the enrolment of these public and private institutions. Smaller companies include Touchstone Theatre , and Studio The Scotiabank Dance Centre, a converted bank building on the corner of Davie and Granville, functions as a gathering place and performance venue for Vancouver-based dancers and choreographers.
Dances for a Small Stage is a semi-annual dance festival. The Vancouver International Film Festival , which runs for two weeks each September, shows over films and is one of the larger film festivals in North America.
Vancouver has become a major film location,  known as Hollywood North , as it has stood in for several U. However, it has started to appear as itself in several feature films.
Among films set in the city and its surroundings are the U. Many past and current TV shows have been filmed and set in Vancouver. The first Canadian prime time national series to be produced out of Vancouver was Cold Squad   and its storyline was also physically set in the city. The central branch contains 1. Altogether there are twenty-two branches containing 2. The Vancouver Art Gallery has a permanent collection of nearly 10, items and is the home of a significant number of works by Emily Carr.
Downtown is also home to the Contemporary Art Gallery Vancouver , which showcases temporary exhibitions by up-and-coming Vancouver artists. A more interactive museum is Science World at the head of False Creek. The city also features a diverse collection of Public Art. The Vancouver School of conceptual  photography often referred to as photoconceptualism  is a term applied to a grouping of artists from Vancouver who achieved international recognition starting in the s.
Musical contributions from Vancouver include performers of classical, folk and popular music. The Vancouver Symphony Orchestra is the professional orchestra based in the city. The Vancouver Opera is a major opera company in the city, and City Opera of Vancouver is the city's professional chamber opera company.
The city produced a number of notable punk rock bands, including D. Vancouver also produced influential metal band Strapping Young Lad and pioneering electro-industrial bands Skinny Puppy , Numb and Front Line Assembly ; the latter's Bill Leeb is better known for founding ambient pop super-group Delerium.
Vancouver's Hong Kong Chinese population has produced several Cantopop stars across the Hong Kong entertainment industry. Similarly, various Indo-Canadian artists and actors have a profile in Bollywood or other aspects of India 's entertainment industry. Vancouver has a vibrant nightlife scene, whether it be food and dining, or bars and nightclubs.
The street can attract large crowds on weekends and is closed to traffic on such nights. Gastown is also a popular area for nightlife with many upscale restaurants and nightclubs, as well as the Davie Village which is centre to the city's LGBT community.
Vancouver is a film and television production centre. Nicknamed Hollywood North , a distinction it shares with Toronto,    the city has been used as a film making location for nearly a century, beginning with the Edison Manufacturing Company. A wide mix of local, national, and international newspapers are distributed in the city. Also, there are two national newspapers distributed in the city, including The Globe and Mail , which began publication of a "national edition" in B.
Other local newspapers include 24H a local free daily , the Vancouver franchise of the national free daily Metro , the twice-a-week Vancouver Courier , and the independent newspaper The Georgia Straight. A number of other local and international papers serve other multicultural groups in the Lower Mainland. Fairchild Group also has two television stations: Less than a year later, the Westminster and Vancouver Tramway Company began operating Canada's first interurban line between the two cities extended to Chilliwack in Another line , the Vancouver and Lulu Island Railway, was leased by the Canadian Pacific Railway to the British Columbia Electric Railway in and ran from the Granville Street Bridge to Steveston via Kerrisdale , which encouraged residential neighbourhoods outside the central core to develop.
Successive city councils in the s and s prohibited the construction of freeways as part of a long-term plan. While the number of cars in Vancouver proper has been steadily rising with population growth, the rate of car ownership and the average distance driven by daily commuters have fallen since the early s.
This is, in part, the result of a push by city planners for a solution to traffic problems and pro-environment campaigns. Transportation demand management policies have imposed restrictions on drivers making it more difficult and expensive to commute while introducing more benefits for non-drivers.
TransLink is responsible for roads and public transportation within Metro Vancouver in succession to B. Transit, which had taken over the transit functions of B. It provides bus service, including the B-Line rapid bus service, a foot passenger and bicycle ferry service known as SeaBus , an automated rapid transit service called SkyTrain , and West Coast Express commuter rail. Vancouver's SkyTrain system is currently running on three lines, the Millennium Line , the Expo Line and the Canada Line  with a total of 53 stations as of Only 20 of these stations are within the City of Vancouver borders, with the remainders in the adjacent suburbs.
Changes are being made to the regional transportation network as part of Translink's Year Transportation Plan. Several road projects will be completed within the next few years, as part of the Provincial Government's Gateway Program.
Other modes of transport add to the diversity of options available in Vancouver. Vancouver has a citywide network of bicycle lanes and routes, which supports an active population of cyclists year-round.
Cycling has become Vancouver's fastest-growing mode of transportation. Vancouver's airport is Canada's second-busiest airport,  and the second-largest gateway on the west coast of North America for international passengers.
The city is also served by two BC Ferry terminals. The mild climate of the city and proximity to ocean, mountains, rivers and lakes make the area a popular destination for outdoor recreation. Vancouver has over 1, hectares 3, acres of parks, of which, Stanley Park , at hectares 1, acres , is the largest. The coastline provides for many types of water sport, and the city is a popular destination for boating enthusiasts. Within a to minute drive from downtown Vancouver are the North Shore Mountains , with three ski areas: Mountain bikers have created world-renowned trails across the North Shore.
The Capilano River , Lynn Creek and Seymour River, also on the North Shore, provide opportunities to whitewater enthusiasts during periods of rain and spring melt, though the canyons of those rivers are more utilized for hiking and swimming than whitewater. Running races include the Vancouver Sun Run a kilometre 6. The Grouse Grind is a 2. Vancouver is also home to notable cycling races. Vancouver, along with Whistler and Richmond, was the host city for the Winter Olympics and the Winter Paralympics.
During the summer of Vancouver hosted the World Ultimate Championships. They played their games at Rogers Arena.
After 6 years in Vancouver, the team relocated to Memphis, Tennessee in The City of Vancouver was one of the first cities in Canada to enter into an international sister cities arrangement. The City of Vancouver has taken a number of steps to become a sustainable city. Ninety-three percent of the electricity used in Vancouver is generated using sustainable resources such as hydroelectric power. The city is also actively working towards becoming a greener city.
The City of Vancouver has crafted an action plan of goals it has set to meet by , including reducing greenhouse gas emissions, encouraging the growth of green jobs and businesses, requiring green construction, and reducing waste. Its primary mission is to ensure that Vancouver becomes the greenest city in the world by the year From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the Canadian city. For the suburb of Portland, Oregon, see Vancouver, Washington. For other uses, see Vancouver disambiguation. City in British Columbia, Canada. Timeline of Vancouver history. List of bodies of water in Vancouver and Lower Mainland Ecoregion. Government and politics of Vancouver. List of filming locations in the Vancouver area. Public art in Vancouver. List of roads in Vancouver. List of people from Vancouver. Key results from the Census".
Retrieved 8 February Archived from the original on 4 June Retrieved 18 November Retrieved 9 February Vancouver, City and CMA". Retrieved 10 October Archived from the original PDF on 12 May Retrieved 9 June Retrieved 18 August Official Olympic Site.
Retrieved 30 April Vancouver, from milltown to metropolis. Vancouver, British Columbia Centennial '71 Committee. American Association of Port Authorities. Archived from the original on 15 June Vancouver Convention and Visitors Bureau. Archived from the original PDF on 17 July Archived from the original on 7 July Archived from the original on 12 August Retrieved 12 August University of British Columbia Press.
Retrieved 16 March The History of Metropolitan Vancouver. Retrieved 7 June Archived from the original on 18 July Retrieved 23 November Retrieved 17 January University of Washington Press. Prentice Hall Ginn Canada. The Greater Vancouver Book: Gastown Business Improvement Society. Archived from the original on 25 November Retrieved 5 December In the Sea of Sterile Mountains: The Chinese in British Columbia.
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